13:20 Feb. 12, 2015
Terms of agreement allow for ceasefire, buffer zone, prisoner exchange and constitutional reforms
The text of the agreement reached in Minsk on February 12 has been published online. Ukraine Today provides the following abridged and unofficial translation.
Terms of Minsk Agreement:
1. Immediate and complete ceasefire in Donetsk and Luhansk regions of Ukraine to be strictly implemented starting from 00:00 on February 15.
2. Parallel withdrawal of all heavy weaponry of over 100mm caliber by both sides in order to create a 50km security zone. Multiple rocket launcher systems to be withdrawn to create a security zone of 70km. Tornado, Uragan and Smerch rocket systems and Tochka tactical rocket systems to be withdrawn to create a security zone of 140km. Ukrainian forces are to withdraw from the current line of contact. Militant forces are to withdraw from the demarcation line established by the 19 September 2014 Minsk memorandum.
Withdrawal of all heavy weaponry to begin not later than the second day following the ceasefire, and must be completed within 14 days. The OSCE monitoring mission will oversee this process of heavy weapons withdrawal with support from the trilateral contact group.
3. The OSCE monitoring mission should monitor and verify adherence to the ceasefire regime using all available tools including satellites and drones.
4. On the same day that the withdrawal of heavy weapons begins, a dialogue must start to prepare for local elections in Donetsk and Luhansk regions in accordance with Ukrainian legislation and Ukrainian laws on the temporary status of Luhansk and Donetsk regions. Dialogue must also begin to address the future status of these regions.
Within 30 days of the signing of the declaration, Ukraine's parliament must adopt a law identifying the territory which falls under the terms of the temporary status of Donetsk and Luhansk regions. The territory should be based on the demarcation line established in the 19 September 2014 Minsk memorandum.
5. An amnesty must be introduced to prevent prosecution or punishment for those connected with events in Donetsk and Luhansk regions.
6. All hostages and detainees to be released in prisoner exchanges based on the 'all for all' principle. This process must be completed on the fifth day following the complete withdrawal of heavy weaponry at the latest.
7. Access to humanitarian aid must be facilitated in line with international norms.
8. Steps must be taken to reintroduce social and economic support infrastructure in Luhansk and Donetsk regions including pensions, communal services and tax services within Ukrainian jurisdiction. In order to achieve this, Ukraine will resume banking system services in the Luhansk and Donetsk regions.
9. Control of the Ukrainian state border in the conflict zone must be returned to the Ukrainian government on the first day following local elections in the conflcit zone and following implementation of point 11 of the Minsk memorandum governing Ukrainian constitutional reform.
10. Withdrawal of all international armed units, military equipment and mercenary forces from the territory of Ukraine under the supervision of the OSCE monitoring mission. Disarming of all illegal units and armed groups.
11. Constitutional reforms must establish a new Ukrainian constitution by the end of 2015 which includes clauses allowing for the decentralization of power and recognizes the specific status of Donetsk and Luhansk regions in agreement with representatives of these regions. Legislation must also be adopted to reflect the special status of the Donetsk and Luhansk regions by the end of 2015.
12. Under the auspices of the Ukrainian law on the temporary status of Donetsk and Luhansk regions, all issues regarding local elections to be discussed and agreed together with representatives of Donetsk and Luhansk regions within the framework of the trilateral contact group (Ukraine, Russian and representatives of the so-called Donetsk and Luhansk People's Republics). Local elections to be carried out in line with OSCE standards and under the supervision of the OSCE's Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights.
13. Increase the work of the trilateral contact group by establishing working groups to manage the implementation of each relevant point of the Minsk memorandum. These working groups will reflect the composition of the trilateral contact group.