Experts say it is not a total guarantee of cease-fire in the pullout areas
The Minsk deal is planning to get three areas in the ATO zone demilitarized in the near future. According to the signed deal, parties should pull out both military and personnel equipment.
Operations on withdrawing troops have already started in Luhansk region. But in the long run, there are 4 more sites which could be demilitarized, however, no one is specifying whether it will be in the Luhansk or Donetsk region.
The new framework agreement, signed in Minsk on September 21, provides three villages where both parties troops are to be withdrawn: Stanytsia Luhanska and Zolote in Luhansk region and Petrovske in Donetsk region.
Referring to the agreed procedure, the parties should identically withdraw their troops one kilometer away from their current positions. This will create a neutral zone of two kilometers in length and breadth being four square kilometers.
"They won't see each other, either through binocular or sniper rifles. These are very distant areas. It's all about being humanitarian", Yevhen Marchuk, the head of Ukraine delegation in the security working subgroup of theTrilateral Contact Group, said.
However, a two-kilometer distance cannot guarantee cease-fire in this area.
"For up-to-date weapons, this is not a big distance, two kilometers one way, two kilometers - the other", Kostyantyn Mashovets, the coordinator of "Information resistance" NGO, said.
The troops' withdrawal will be monitored by the OSCE and a joint mission on controlling a cease-fire. The conditions for its implementations are simple. There should be 7 days of a complete cease-fire in these designed areas. However, the frontline is not uniform everywhere, so it will be hard to observe the outlined scheme.
If the experience is successful, the parties will switch to the demilitarization of other parts of the frontline. At the same time, any arrangements with Russia are always shaky.