09:18 Aug. 9, 2016
Presidents are to discuss significant regional issues and possible new alliances during bilateral meeting
President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan's visit today to St. Petersburg to hold a bilateral meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin is expected to create a new era of relations between the two countries and to be a game changer in the region. Today's visit will mark the first face-to-face meeting between the two leaders since Turkey downed a Russian jet on November 24th, which degraded bilateral relations to a great extent, leading to a crisis between the two countries.
Turkish-Russian relations deteriorated to a great extent after the Kremlin imposed sanctions on Turkish goods, canceled visa-free travel for Turkish nationals and froze substantial economic ties after Turkey shot down a Russian jet over the Syrian border. Putin also banned Russians from going to Turkey for vacation in an attempt to deal a blow to Turkey's tourism sector. Having melted the ice with Erdoğan, Putin took a step back from his strict sanctions. Both leaders stayed in touch following Erdoğan's letter to Putin on Russia Day. Putin's support for Erdoğan following the July 15th coup attempt seems to have further improved relations.
Erdoğan's meeting with Putin is also a much-awaited event in Washington. Facing the risk of rising anti-American sentiment in Turkey after a dispute over Gülenist Terror Organization (FETÖ) leader Fetullah Gülen's extradition, the U.S. does not want to lose Turkey to Russia.
Erdoğan described the upcoming process as a new page in bilateral relations with his scheduled visit today. "This will be a historic visit, a new beginning. In talks with my friend Vladimir, I believe a new page in our relations will be turned. Our countries have much to do together," he said in an interview with the Russian state Tass news agency on Sunday.
The meeting also marks Erdoğan's first trip abroad since the failed July 15th coup attempt orchestrated by fugitive retired imam Fethullah Gülen, who lives in the U.S., making the meeting even more crucial.
The involvement of two fighter jet pilots in the FETÖ coup attempt who downed a Russian jet in November, heavily damaging Turkish-Russian relations, became a matter of debate in Turkey's political agenda. Many argued that FETÖ, supported by the U.S., wanted to deteriorate Turkish-Russian ties through the downing of the jet. Putin's foreign policy consultant Alexander Dugin also claimed recently that the FETÖ pilots deliberately shot down the Russian fighter jet. Dugin alleged that the killing was exacted by forces trying to affect relations between the two countries.
On November 24th, two Turkish F-16 fighter jets on an aerial patrol intercepted a Russian warplane within rules of engagement when it violated Turkish airspace near the Syrian border. The Russian warplane received 10 warnings about its violation within five minutes before it was shot down. Later on, Erdoğan expressed regret for the incident to Putin on June 27th.